English Learning Notes


Speaking  is the delivery of language through the mouth. To speak, we create sounds using many parts of our body, including the lungs, vocal tract, vocal chords, tongue, teeth and lips.

Speaking is the second of the four language skills, which are:
  1. Listening
  2. Speaking
  3. Reading
  4. Writing
In our own language, speaking is usually the second language skill that we learn.

This vocalized form of language usually requires at least one listener. When two or more people speak or talk to each other, the conversation is called a "dialogue". Speech can flow naturally from one person to another in the form of dialogue. It can also be planned and rehearsed, as in the delivery of a speech or presentation. Of course, some people talk to themselves! In fact, some English learners practise speaking standing alone in front of a mirror.

Speaking can be formal or informal:

  • Informal speaking is typically used with family and friends, or people you know well.
  • Formal speaking occurs in business or academic situations, or when meeting people for the first time.

Speaking is probably the language skill that most language learners wish to perfect as soon as possible. It used to be the only language skill that was difficult to practise online. This is no longer the case. English learners can practise speaking online using voice or video chat and services like Skype. They can also record and upload their voice for other people to listen to.

How to Address People in English
English learners often feel confused about how to address people properly. Many feel uncomfortable asking the question, "What should I call you?" Even native English people find this question awkward.

The Importance of Speaking Practice
There are 4 key skills when you learn a language:listening,speaking,reading,writing. Which one of these is the "Odd-One-Out"? Which one of these is different from the other three? The answer is speaking.

Speaking Skills Guide
Do you want to improve your speaking skills? Most English learners say they want to be able to speak more than anything else.

Speaking terms
A glossary of words and terms that we use to talk about speaking