The  quantifiers each and every are a kind of determiner . They have similar but not always identical meanings. We always use them with a singular countable noun.

Each means "every one, regarded individually".

Every means "every one, regarded as a whole".

Sometimes, each and every have the same meaning:

  • Prices go up¬†each¬†year.
  • Prices go up¬†every¬†year.

But often they are not exactly the same.

Each expresses the idea of "one by one". It emphasizes   individuality.

Every is half-way between each and all . It sees things or people as singular, but in a group or in general.

Consider the following example sentences:

  • Every¬†artist¬†is sensitive.
  • Each¬†artist ¬†sees things differently.
  • Every¬†soldier¬† saluted the president as he arrived.
  • The president gave¬†each¬†soldier ¬† a¬† medal.

each

Each can be followed by "of":

  • The president spoke to¬†each of¬†the soldiers.
  • He gave a medal to¬†each of¬†them.

every

Every cannot be used for two things. For two things, each can be used:

  • He was carrying a suitcase in¬†each¬†hand.

Every is used to say how often something happens:

  • There is a plane to Bangkok¬†every¬†day.
  • The bus leaves¬†every¬†hour.
Verbs with each and every are always conjugated in the singular:
  • Each person¬†is¬†an individual.¬†not¬† Each person are an individual.
  • Every animal¬†needs¬†food.¬†not¬† Every animal need food.

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